J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2019 Sep;30(3):307-323. 10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.3.307.

A Content Analysis of Disaster Nursing Education in Korean and Japanese Universities

Affiliations
  • 1Professor, College of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Professor, Seoul Women's College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea. agness_lee@yahoo.co.kr
  • 4Assistant Professor, Yamanashi Prefectural University, Japan.
  • 5Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents of disaster nursing education at universities in Korea and Japan, with focus on textbooks.
METHODS
Disaster nursing contents from 11 Korean community health nursing textbooks and 3 Japanese disaster nursing textbooks were analysed.
RESULTS
Three themes and 8 categories of disaster nursing content in the selected textbooks were analyzed. The themes classified include "˜understanding of disaster', "˜disaster management' and "˜disaster management system'. The theme of "˜understanding of disaster' consists of such categories as "˜disaster concept/outline', "˜classification of disaster', "˜disaster management step' and "˜disaster impact'. The theme of "˜disaster management activities' consists of categories such as "˜disaster management activities' and "˜disaster nursing'. The theme of "˜national disaster management system' consists of categories like "˜national disaster management system' and "˜international disaster relief'. From the comparison of disaster nursing education in the two countries, we found that themes were similar but there were differences between the two countries in content configuration. Korea and Japan have adopted the framework of International Council of Nurses for disaster nursing education. Korea stressed legal and ethical capabilities, while Japan included psychological support for disaster management service providers.
CONCLUSION
Disaster education is an important factor in a nurse's ability for a disaster management. Development of a comprehensive disaster education program is necessary to enhance disaster care capacities.

Keyword

Education, nursing, Baccalaureate; Public health nursing; Disasters

MeSH Terms

Asian Continental Ancestry Group*
Community Health Nursing
Disasters*
Education
Education, Nursing*
Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate
Humans
International Council of Nurses
Japan
Korea
Nursing*
Public Health Nursing
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