Gut Liver.  2019 Jul;13(4):388-393. 10.5009/gnl18384.

Overview of Deep Learning in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. drcha@khu.ac.kr

Abstract

Artificial intelligence is likely to perform several roles currently performed by humans, and the adoption of artificial intelligence-based medicine in gastroenterology practice is expected in the near future. Medical image-based diagnoses, such as pathology, radiology, and endoscopy, are expected to be the first in the medical field to be affected by artificial intelligence. A convolutional neural network, a kind of deep-learning method with multilayer perceptrons designed to use minimal preprocessing, was recently reported as being highly beneficial in the field of endoscopy, including esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy, and capsule endoscopy. A convolutional neural network-based diagnostic program was challenged to recognize anatomical locations in esophagogastroduodenoscopy images, Helicobacter pylori infection, and gastric cancer for esophagogastroduodenoscopy; to detect and classify colorectal polyps; to recognize celiac disease and hookworm; and to perform small intestine motility characterization of capsule endoscopy images. Artificial intelligence is expected to help endoscopists provide a more accurate diagnosis by automatically detecting and classifying lesions; therefore, it is essential that endoscopists focus on this novel technology. In this review, we describe the effects of artificial intelligence on gastroenterology with a special focus on automatic diagnosis, based on endoscopic findings.

Keyword

Artificial intelligence; Convolutional neural network; Deep learning; Diagnosis, computer-assisted; Endoscopy

MeSH Terms

Ancylostomatoidea
Artificial Intelligence
Capsule Endoscopy
Celiac Disease
Colonoscopy
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
Endoscopy
Endoscopy, Digestive System
Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal*
Gastroenterology
Helicobacter pylori
Humans
Intestine, Small
Learning*
Methods
Neural Networks (Computer)
Pathology
Polyps
Stomach Neoplasms
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