J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent.  2019 Aug;46(3):247-254. 10.5933/JKAPD.2019.46.3.247.

Skeletal Maturity Evaluation using Maxillary Canine Development in Growing Children

  • 1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Research Institute of Dental Education, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Korea. pedojw01@hanmail.net


This study aimed to investigate the correlation between maxillary canine's dental maturity and skeletal maturity of growing children. Cephalometric radiographs, hand-wrist radiographs and panoramic radiographs of 299 children aged 6 - 17 years were analyzed to measure the cervical vertebral maturation stages (CVMS), skeletal maturity indicators (SMI) and Demirjian index (DI). Spearman correlation test was used to analyze the correlation between dental maturity and skeletal maturity. There was significant positive correlation between the DI and CVMS in both boys and girls (p = 0.000). Similarly positive correlation was found between the DI and SMI (p = 0.000). The results of this study suggest that the dental maturity of maxillary canine can be used as auxiliary maturity indicator in growing children.


Maxillary canine; Cervical vertebral maturation; Hand and wrist maturation
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