Ann Occup Environ Med.  2017 ;29(1):34. 10.1186/s40557-017-0193-9.

The relationship between emotional labor status and workplace violence among toll collectors

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan-si, South Korea.
  • 2Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, 119 Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do 330-715 South Korea. rhie76@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study aimed to identify the emotional labor and workplace violence status among toll collectors by assessing and comparing the same with that in workers in other service occupation. It also aimed to analyze the relationship between emotional labor and workplace violence.
METHODS
This study examined emotional labor and workplace violence status in 264 female toll collectors from August 20 to September 4, 2015. The emotional labor was assessed using the Korean Emotional Labor Scale (K-ELS), and a questionnaire was used to examine the presence or absence, and type and frequency of workplace violence experienced by the subjects. A linear regression analysis was also performed to analyze the relationship between workplace violence and emotional labor.
RESULTS
The scores on "emotional demanding and regulation (p < 0.001),""overload and conflict in customer service (p"‰="‰0.005),""emotional disharmony and hurt (p < 0.001)," and "organizational surveillance and monitoring (p < 0.001)" among the sub-categories of emotional labor were significantly high and indicated "at-risk" levels of emotional labor in those who experienced workplace violence, whereas they were "normal" of emotional labor in those who did not. Even after being adjusted in the linear regression analysis, the emotional labor scores for the above 4 sub-categories were still significantly high in those who experienced workplace violence. On comparing the present scores with 13 other service occupations, it was found that toll collectors had the highest level in "emotional disharmony and hurt,""organizational surveillance and monitoring," and "organizational supportive and protective system".
CONCLUSIONS
This study found that the toll collectors engaged in a high level of emotional labor. Additionally, there was a significant relationship between emotional labor and the experience of workplace violence among the toll collectors.

Keyword

Worker; Emotional stress; Workplace violence

MeSH Terms

Female
Humans
Linear Models
Occupations
Stress, Psychological
Workplace Violence*
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