Korean J Parasitol.  2019 Jun;57(3):243-248. 10.3347/kjp.2019.57.3.243.

Gastrointestinal Parasite Infection in Cats in Daegu, Republic of Korea, and Efficacy of Treatment Using Topical Emodepside/Praziquantel Formulation

Affiliations
  • 1College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea. dmkwak@knu.ac.kr
  • 2National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan.
  • 3Dongin Veterinary Clinic, Daegu 41946, Korea.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was 2-fold: 1) to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite infection in cats reared in Daegu, Republic of Korea and 2) to assess the efficacy and safety of a topical emodepside/praziquantel formulation for cats with parasitic infections. The gastrointestinal parasite infections were examined microscopically using the flotation method. Of 407 cats, 162 (39.8%) were infected by at least one gastrointestinal parasite, including Toxocara cati (63.0%), Toxascaris leonina (31.5%), Taenia taeniaeformis (3.7%), and Cystoisospora felis (1.9%). None of the infected animals had multiple infections. When the data were analyzed according to sex, age, and type of cat, stray cats showed statistically higher prevalence than companion cats (P<0.05). On the 5th day after treatment, no parasitic eggs were detected using microscopic examination. In addition, no adverse effects, such as abnormal behaviors and clinical symptoms, were observed in the cats treated with the drug. These results quantify the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in cats in Daegu, Republic of Korea, and show that topical emodepside/praziquantel is a safe and effective choice for treating the parasitic infections in cats.

Keyword

Anthelmintic; fecal examination; feline; gastrointestinal parasite

MeSH Terms

Animals
Cats*
Daegu*
Eggs
Felis
Friends
Humans
Methods
Ovum
Parasites*
Prevalence
Republic of Korea*
Taenia
Toxascaris
Toxocara
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