Sleep Med Psychophysiol.  2019 Jun;26(1):33-43. 10.14401/KASMED.2019.26.1.33.

Factors Associated with Personal and Social Performance Status in Patients with Bipolar Disorder

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. gurokim@gmail.com

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
Bipolar disorder is characterized by repetitive relapses that result in psychosocial dysfunctions. The functioning of bipolar disorder patients is related to the severity of symptoms, quality of sleep, drug compliance, and social support. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between sociodemographic and clinical factors and functional status in bipolar disorder patients.
METHODS
A total of 52 bipolar disorder patients participated in the study. The following scales were utilized: Korean version of personal and social performance scale (K-PSP), Korean version of Hamilton rating scale for depression (K-HDRS), Korean version of young mania rating scale (K-YMRS), Korean version of pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI-K), Korean version of drug attitude inventory (K-DAI), mood disorders insight scale (MDIS), and multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS).
RESULTS
The K-PSP score showed a negative relationship with K-HDRS score (r = −0.387, p = 0.005), but not with K-YMRS score (r = −0.205, p = 0.145). The K-PSP score showed a negative relationship with global PSQI-K score (r = −0.378, p = 0.005) and overall sleep quality (r = −0.353, p = 0.010). The K-PSP scores were positively associated with the KDAI score (r = 0.409, p = 0.003) and MSPSS score (r = 0.334, p = 0.015). The predictive factors for K-PSP were overall sleep quality and social support from family.
CONCLUSION
Our study showed that depressive symptoms were related to overall function in bipolar disorder. Also, our study suggested that improving sleep quality is important in maintaining functional status. Appropriate social support and positive perception toward the drug may lead to the higher level of functioning. This study is meaningful in that the functional status of bipolar disorder patients is analyzed in a multivariate manner in relation to various variables in psychosocial aspects.

Keyword

Bipolar disorder; Depression; Function; Sleep; Social support
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