J Korean Phys Ther.  2019 Jun;31(3):141-146. 10.18857/jkpt.2019.31.3.141.

Clinical Application of AR System in Early Rehabilitation Program After Stroke: 2 Case Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Physical Therapy, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea. Bicpes4079@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
To investigate the effect of an augmented reality (AR) system on muscle strength and function level of the paretic lower limb and the balance ability in the early rehabilitation program of acute stroke patients.
METHODS
The participants (30 or fewer days after stroke) were randomly assigned to receive intervention with an early rehabilitation program using an AR system (n=1) or an early rehabilitation program consisting of functional electrical stimulation and tilt table use (n=1). Patients in both subjects received interventions 4-5 times a week for 3 weeks.
RESULTS
In the paretic limb muscle strength, AR subject was increased from 15 to 39.6 Nm and Control subject was increased from 5 to 30.2 Nm. The paretic limb function of AR subject motor function was increased from 8 to 28 score and Control subject motor function was increased from 6 to 14 score. But sensory function was very little difference between the two subjects (AR subject: from 4 to 10 score, Control subject: from 3 to 10 score). In the balance ability, AR subject had more difference after intervention than control subject (AR subject: 33 score, Control subject: 22 score).
CONCLUSION
The early rehabilitation program using the AR system showed a slightly higher improvement in the motor function of the paretic lower limb and balance ability measurement than the general early rehabilitation program. The AR system, which can provide more active, task-oriented, and motivational environment, may provide a meaningful environment for the initial rehabilitation process after stroke.

Keyword

Augmented reality; Early rehabilitation program; Stroke

MeSH Terms

Electric Stimulation
Extremities
Humans
Lower Extremity
Muscle Strength
Rehabilitation*
Sensation
Stroke*
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