Allergy Asthma Immunol Res.  2019 Sep;11(5):655-663. 10.4168/aair.2019.11.5.655.

Effects of Vacuuming Mattresses on Allergic Rhinitis Symptoms in Children

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Hallym University, Dongtan Sacred Heart Hospital, Hwaseong, Korea.
  • 2Allergy and Clinical Immunology Research Center, Hallym University College of Medicine, Hwaseong, Korea. pedalllee@gmail.com
  • 3Department of Pediatrics, Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Department of Medicine, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Department of Pediatrics, Severance Hospital, Institute of Allergy, Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 6Department of Pediatrics, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
To evaluate the effects of daily vacuuming of mattresses on the concentration of house dust mite (HDM) allergens and on allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms in children sensitized to HDM.
METHODS
Forty children between the ages of 6 and 12 years with mild persistent AR and sensitized only to HDM were enrolled and randomly allocated to 2 groups. Caregivers of children in the experimental group cleaned the children's rooms and vacuumed their mattresses daily for 2 weeks. Caregivers of children in the control group cleaned the children's rooms without vacuuming mattresses. Symptoms of AR were checked weekly and dust samples were collected from the mattresses before and after the study.
RESULTS
Demographics at the beginning of the study were not significantly different between the 2 groups. In the experimental group, symptoms of AR and dust weight were significantly decreased after 2 weeks (total symptoms of AR, P <0.001; sneezing, P < 0.001; rhinorrhea, P <0.001; nasal obstruction, P < 0.001; itching, P <0.001; and dust weight, P = 0.006). The concentrations of HDM allergens were not changed significantly (Der p1, P = 0.333; Der f1, P = 0.841). In the control group, there were no significant changes in symptoms of AR, dust weight, or the concentration of HDM allergens.
CONCLUSIONS
Our findings showed that daily vacuuming of mattresses reduced dust weight and symptoms of AR. However, the concentration of HDM allergens did not significantly decrease.

Keyword

Allergic rhinitis; house dust mites; Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus; Dermatophagoides farina; children

MeSH Terms

Allergens
Beds*
Caregivers
Child*
Demography
Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus
Dust
Humans
Nasal Obstruction
Pruritus
Pyroglyphidae
Rhinitis, Allergic*
Sneezing
Vacuum*
Allergens
Dust
Full Text Links
  • AAIR
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
    DB Error: unknown error