Adv Pediatr Surg.  2019 Jun;25(1):1-6. 10.13029/aps.2019.25.1.1.

Feasibility and Early Outcomes of Continent Catheterizable Stomas Using Cecal/Colon and Ileum for Children with Fecal Incontinence as an Alternative to Appendicular Malone Antegrade Continence Enema

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health, Bangalore, India. drshaileshpgi@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
The introduction of Malone antegrade continence enema) in the management of children with fecal incontinence has brought remarkable improvement in patient care, Malone originally described appendix as a conduit and it has become widely accepted. However, surgeons are faced with situations where appendix is not available, the selection and creation of other conduit is always a challenge. We present our technique and experience with the use of alternative catheterizable conduits for antegrade continence enema (ACE).
METHODS
Retrospective review of children who underwent ACE procedure in our institution from March 2009 to January 2014. The details retrieved: indication, reason for non availability of appendix, type of conduit, complications and patient's satisfaction.
RESULTS
Five children were identified in whom the appendix was not available or suitable. In four children cecal/colon-based flap was used and in one child, ileal (Monti) segment was used to create a conduit. The mean follow-up was 3.2 years. All patients were satisfied with the procedure and no stenosis or loss of conduit was noted in the follow-up.
CONCLUSION
Continent catheterizable conduit for ACE can be accomplished with transverse tubularized intestinal segments and cecal/colonic flaps, with excellent outcome, irrespective of tissue used. Surgeon's preference and the patient's peculiar anatomy should determine the surgical technique to be used.

Keyword

Malone antegrade continence enema; Left-colon antegrade continence enema; Fecal incontinence

MeSH Terms

Appendix
Child*
Constriction, Pathologic
Enema*
Fecal Incontinence*
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Ileum*
Patient Care
Retrospective Studies
Surgeons
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