J Adv Prosthodont.  2019 Jun;11(3):187-192. 10.4047/jap.2019.11.3.187.

A study of fracture loads and fracture characteristics of teeth

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Sciences, Seongnam Campus, Eulji University, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.
  • 2Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Division of Restorative Science and Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. han.10@osu.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the fracture loads and modes of failure for the full range of natural teeth under simulated occlusal loading.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
One hundred and forty natural teeth were taken from mandibles and maxillas of patients. There were 14 groups of teeth with 10 teeth in each group (5 males and 5 females). Each specimen was embedded in resin and mounted on a positioning jig, with the long axis of the tooth at an inclined angle of 30 degrees. A universal testing machine was used to measure the compression load at which fracture of the tooth specimen occurred; loads were applied on the incisal edge and/or functional cusp.
RESULTS
The mean fracture load for the mandibular first premolar was the highest (2002 N) of all the types of teeth, while the mean fracture load for the maxillary first premolar was the lowest (525 N). Mean fracture loads for the mandibular and maxillary incisors, and the first and second maxillary premolars, had significantly lower values compared to the other types of teeth. The mean fracture load for the teeth from males was significantly greater than that for the teeth from females. There was an inverse relationship between age and mean fracture load, in which older teeth had lower fracture loads compared to younger teeth.
CONCLUSION
The mean fracture loads for natural teeth were significantly different, with dependence on tooth position and the sex and age of the individual.

Keyword

Fracture loads of teeth; Fracture characteristics of teeth

MeSH Terms

Bicuspid
Female
Humans
In Vitro Techniques
Incisor
Male
Mandible
Maxilla
Tooth*
Full Text Links
  • JAP
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr