J Nutr Health.  2019 Jun;52(3):268-276. 10.4163/jnh.2019.52.3.268.

The correlation between triglyceride to HDL cholesterol ratio and metabolic syndrome, nutrition intake in Korean adults: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medical Education, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Jeonbuk 54538, Korea.
  • 2Department of Family Medicine, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Jeonbuk 54538, Korea. qibosarang@naver.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
Metabolic syndrome causes diabetes and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. This study examined the correlation between metabolic syndrome, nutrition intake, and triglyceride (TG)/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ratio.
METHODS
Using the data from the 7th KNHANES (2016), this study was conducted on healthy adults aged 19 and older. The components and existence of metabolic syndrome and nutrition intake were independent variables and the TG/HDLcholesterol ratio was a dependent variable. A complex sample logistic progress test was used with age, sex, smoking, and drinking frequency corrected.
RESULTS
The TG/HDLcholesterol ratio of people with metabolic syndrome was as high as 1.314 on average, compared to people without metabolic syndrome (p < 0.0001). Among each component of metabolic syndrome, the TG/HDL cholesterol ratio had a significant association with fasting blood glucose, TG, HDL cholesterol, and waist circumference (p < 0.05). Only energy and carbohydrate intake were significantly related to the TG/HDLcholesterol ratio (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION
The TG/HDLcholesterol ratio is associated with each component of metabolic syndrome, but in particular, it is positively correlated with the presence of metabolic syndrome. Lower energy intakehad a positive correlation with the TG/HDLcholesterol ratio. These results show that metabolic syndrome can be predicted using the TG/HDLcholesterol ratio, and a diet strategy through nutrition and health education is necessary to prevent metabolic syndrome.

Keyword

metabolic syndrome; triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio; nutrition intake; Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

MeSH Terms

Adult*
Blood Glucose
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cholesterol
Cholesterol, HDL*
Diet
Drinking
Fasting
Health Education
Humans
Lipoproteins
Nutrition Surveys*
Smoke
Smoking
Triglycerides*
Waist Circumference
Blood Glucose
Cholesterol
Cholesterol, HDL
Lipoproteins
Smoke
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