J Korean Foot Ankle Soc.  2019 Jun;23(2):67-70. 10.14193/jkfas.2019.23.2.67.

Native 1st Metatarso-Phalangeal Joint Infection: A Rare Case Report

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust, Brighton, United Kingdom. iliopoulose@gmail.com

Abstract

Septic arthritis is a serious medical condition that can lead to significant complications if misdiagnosed or mismanaged. A rare case of a 1st metatarso-phalangeal joint septic arthritis in a native joint is presented in a patient with no significant risk factors. A 41-year-old patient was referred by his general practitioner owing to ongoing pain and swelling over his native 1st metatarso-phalangeal joint with difficulty on weightbearing for three months. After a series of investigations, including blood tests and a foot magnetic resonance imaging, which were inconclusive, the patient was led to the operating theatre for sampling and washout of his joint. The samples taken in the theatres revealed septic arthritis with Streptococcus mitis as the causative microorganism. The patient was treated with six weeks of oral antibiotics with a good functional outcome. This case report illuminates this rare condition and makes foot and ankle surgeons aware of its existence. A high suspicion for this condition can prevent misdiagnosis and mismanagement.

Keyword

Pseudopodagra; Infectious arthritis; Joints; Foot; Infection; Streptococcus mitis
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