Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2019 May;28(2):114-123. 10.5807/kjohn.2019.28.2.114.

Influence of Caring Burden and the Way of Coping on Burnout in Caregivers of Cancer Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Registered Nurse, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea. syshin@inje.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aims of this study were to identify the effects of caring burden and the way of coping on burnout in caregivers of cancer patients.
METHODS
One-hundred and forty family caregivers of cancer patients who visited the cancer center at one tertiary hospital in metropolitan city B were included. The data collection was conducted from August 1st to October 1st, 2018, using a structured, self-reported questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression.
RESULTS
In the multiple regression analysis, the subject's gender (β=.12, p=.028) and caring burden (β=.74, p<.001) had a significant effect on burnout. The explanatory power of the subject's gender, education level, religion, caring time, number of family caregivers, monthly income, economic burden, expectation for treatment, caring burden, the way of aggressive coping, and the way of passive coping with burnout was 63.8% (F=23.28, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
Reducing the caring burden in family caregivers of cancer patients will ultimately contribute to reducing burnout, thereby contributing to an improvement in the psychological well-being and quality of life of family members, as well as positively contributing to the recovery of patients.

Keyword

Caregiver; Burnout; Coping behavior; Burden of illness

MeSH Terms

Adaptation, Psychological
Caregivers*
Cost of Illness
Data Collection
Education
Humans
Quality of Life
Tertiary Care Centers
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