Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2019 May;28(2):75-82. 10.5807/kjohn.2019.28.2.75.

Effects of Injury and/or Injured Areas on Depression in Korean Patients with Industrial Injuries

Affiliations
  • 1Associate Professor, Department of Dental Hygiene, Dongseo University, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Hannam University, Daejeon, Korea. lhs7878@hanmail.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to determine the influence of injury and/or injured area classification on depression in patients with industrial injuries.
METHODS
The participants comprised438 patients who consented to participate and completed self-reported questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN version 22.0 for descriptive statistics, χ² test, fisher's exact test, ANOVA, and post-hoc Scheffé test. A stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to identify factors influencing depression.
RESULTS
The results indicated that the effect of disease classification and injured areas on depression were significantly different in patients with industrial injuries. The results further showed that severe depression was significantly higher in cardiovascular patients and patients with an injured area of the head and waist. The most powerful predictor was age (50~59 years), return to work (reemployment), disease classification (cardiovascular), and injured area (head, including vascular disease).
CONCLUSION
This study showed that the most influential variable of depression in patients with industrial injuries were cardiovascular issues, injury areas of the head and waist, being aged 50~59 years, and reemployment. To reduce depression in these patients, it is important to develop and implement a psychiatric rehabilitation program that helps patients to formulate a concrete plan and goal for recovery, enabling patients to actively engage in their rehabilitation.

Keyword

Industrial accident; Occupational disease; Injury; Depression

MeSH Terms

Accidents, Occupational
Classification
Depression*
Head
Humans
Occupational Diseases
Psychiatric Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation
Return to Work
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