J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2019 May;26(2):75-85. 10.7739/jkafn.2019.26.2.75.

The Effects of Music Intervention on Environmental Stress and Sleep Quality in Patients with Liver Transplantation

Affiliations
  • 1Nurse, Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea. haedang@pusan.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine effects of music intervention on environmental stress and sleep quality in liver transplant patients who are receiving care in one-person isolation rooms of an ICU.
METHODS
The study was a quasi-experimental design pre-and-post nonequivalent control group. Participants were 37 patients (18 in the experimental group and 19 in the control group) who, after receiving liver transplant, were hospitalized in one-person isolation rooms of the ICU. The study covered patients admitted between August 2016 and December 2017. Earplugs and sleep shades were provided as ordinary care to both experimental and control groups, and music intervention was provided to the experimental group three times a day for 30 minutes each from the first day of hospitalization.
RESULTS
The first hypothesis, "The experimental group who received music intervention will experience a lower environmental stress level than the control group" was supported (Z=−3.212, p<.001). The second hypothesis, "The experimental group who received music intervention will experience a higher sleep quality than the control group" was also supported (t=3.715, p=.001).
CONCLUSION
Findings show that music intervention is an effective nursing intervention to reduce environmental stress and improve sleep quality in liver transplant patients in the ICU.

Keyword

Liver transplantation; Music therapy; Intensive care units

MeSH Terms

Ear Protective Devices
Hospitalization
Humans
Intensive Care Units
Liver Transplantation*
Liver*
Music Therapy
Music*
Nursing
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