J Korean Clin Nurs Res.  2019 Apr;25(1):25-33. 10.22650/JKCNR.2019.25.1.25.

Development of a Program to Promote Maternal Role Confidence and Maternal Attachment for Mothers of Premature Infants

Affiliations
  • 1Advanced Practice Nurse, Department of Nursing, Samsung Medical Center · Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Korea.
  • 2Professor, Graduate School of Clinical Nursing Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea. iyyh@skke.edu
  • 3Advanced Practice Nurse, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Samsung Medical Center, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to develop a program to promote maternal role confidence and maternal attachment for mothers of premature infants and to evaluate the effects in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
METHODS
This program was developed through a literature review and validation of an expert group, and tested with 60 preterm infants (experimental group 30, control group 30) in a NICU in South Korea. Data were collected from December 2017 to March 2018 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, χ²-test and Fisher's exact test with the SPSS/Win statistical program.
RESULTS
Maternal role confidence for the experimental group increased significantly compared to the control group (t=3.22, p=.002). Maternal attachment in the experimental group increased significantly compared to the control group (t=2.30, p=.025).
CONCLUSION
The program developed in this study should be effective in promoting maternal role confidence and maternal attachment in mothers of premature infants.

Keyword

Infant; Premature; Maternal Role Confidence; Maternal Attachment; Intensive Care Unit; Neonatal

MeSH Terms

Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intensive Care Units
Intensive Care, Neonatal
Korea
Mothers*
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