J Audiol Otol.  2019 Apr;23(2):76-82. 10.7874/jao.2018.00269.

Noise and Room Acoustic Conditions in a Tertiary Referral Hospital, Seoul National University Hospital

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Physical Metrology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon, Korea. jiho.chang@kriss.re.kr
  • 2Acoustic Technology, Electrical Engineering Department, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
  • 3Department of System Dynamics, Korea Institute of Machinery & Materials, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 4Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Noise levels and room acoustic parameters at a tertiary referral hospital, Seoul National University Hospital (SNUH) in Korea, are investigated.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Through a questionnaire, acoustically problematic rooms are identified. Noise levels in emergency rooms (ERs) and intensive care units (ICUs) are measured over about three days. Acoustically critical and problematic rooms in the otolaryngology department are measured including examination rooms, operating rooms, nurse stations, receptions, and patient rooms.
RESULTS
The A-weighted equivalent noise level, L(Aeq), ranges from 54 to 56 dBA, which is at least 10 dB lower than the noise levels of 65 to 73 dBA measured in American ERs. In an ICU, the noise level for the first night was 66 dBA, which came down to 56 dBA for the next day. The noise levels during three different ear surgeries vary from 57 to 62 dBA, depending on the use of surgical drills and suctions. The noise levels in a patient room is found to be 47 dBA, while the nurse stations and the receptions have high noise levels up to 64 dBA. The reverberation times in an operation room, examination room, and single patient room are found to be below 0.6 s.
CONCLUSIONS
At SNUH, the nurse stations and receptions were found to be quite noisy. The ERs were quieter than in the previous studies. The measured reverberation times seemed low enough but some other nurse stations and examination rooms were not satisfactory according to the questionnaire.

Keyword

Hospital noise; ER noise; ICU noise; Ear surgery noise; Reverberation time

MeSH Terms

Acoustics*
Ear
Emergency Service, Hospital
Intensive Care Units
Korea
Noise*
Nursing Stations
Operating Rooms
Otolaryngology
Patients' Rooms
Seoul*
Suction
Tertiary Care Centers*
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