Endocrinol Metab.  2018 Sep;33(3):307-317. 10.3803/EnM.2018.33.3.307.

Therapeutic Role of Yoga in Type 2 Diabetes

  • 1Department of General Medicine, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, India. raveendranav@yahoo.co.in
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Badr Al Samaa Hospital, Barka, Oman.
  • 3Padma Yog Sadhana, A Unit of Terna Public Charitable Trust, Navi Mumbai, India.
  • 4Joshi Clinic, Lilavati Hospital and Bhatia Hospital, Mumbai, India.


Yoga originated in India more than 5,000 years ago and is a means of balancing and harmonizing the body, mind, and emotions. Yoga practice is useful in the management of various lifestyle diseases, including type 2 diabetes. Psycho-neuro-endocrine and immune mechanisms are involved in the beneficial effects of yoga on diabetes. Incorporation of yoga practice in daily life helps to attain glycaemic control and reduces the risk of complications in people with diabetes. In this review, we briefly describe the role of various yoga practices in the management of diabetes based on evidence from various clinical studies.


Yoga; Diabetes mellitus; Yoga asana; Pranayama; Meditation

MeSH Terms

Diabetes Mellitus
Life Style


  • Fig. 1 Showing the mechanisms of benefits of yoga practice in type 2 diabetes. BP, blood pressure; HPA, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal; GH, growth hormone.

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