J Korean Med Sci.  2019 Apr;34(14):e114. 10.3346/jkms.2019.34.e114.

Changes in Relative Importance of the 5-Level Triage System, Korean Triage and Acuity Scale, for the Disposition of Emergency Patients Induced by Forced Reduction in Its Level Number: a Multi-Center Registry-based Retrospective Cohort Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea.
  • 3Department of Emergency Medicine, Samsung Changwon Hospital, School of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Changwon, Korea. 3syellow@naver.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The 5-level triage tool, the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS), was developed based on the Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale and has been used for triage in all emergency medical institutions in Korea since 2016. This study evaluated the association between the decrease in level number and the change in its relative importance for disposition in the emergency department (ED).
METHODS
Using the registry of the National Emergency Department Information System (NEDIS) ver. 3.1, data regarding consecutive emergency patients from March 2017 to October 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. Reconfiguring KTAS levels, a total of 15 multinomial logistic regression models (KTAS_0 to KTAS_14), including the KTAS, its variants, and covariates were constructed to determine significant factors affecting ED disposition. The relative importance of each model was obtained using a dominance analysis.
RESULTS
A total of 79,771 patients were included in the analysis. In the model KTAS_0, the KTAS and 8 covariates were found to be significantly related to ED disposition. The KTAS and the decision maker of each ED visit, whether it was the physician or others, had the largest relative importance, 34.8% and 31.4%, respectively (P < 0.001). In other models of KTAS variants, including 4-level, 3-level and 2-level, the rates of the KTAS decreased to 31.8% (interquartile range [IQR], 28.9-34.2), 26.4% (IQR, 23.2-31.0), and 18.7% (IQR, 7.5-24.9), respectively (P = 0.016). On the other hand, the rates for covariates tended to be larger for smaller triage levels and so there was a significant interaction effect between the KTAS and the covariates according to the triage level (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION
The 5-level triage tool, the KTAS, had the largest relative importance among the predictors affecting ED disposition only at its original level. Therefore, it is recommended that no attempt should be made to reduce the number of levels in the triage tool.

Keyword

Triage; Emergencies; Registries; Logistic Models

MeSH Terms

Cohort Studies*
Emergencies*
Emergency Service, Hospital
Hand
Humans
Information Systems
Korea
Logistic Models
Registries
Retrospective Studies*
Triage*
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