J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2019 Mar;43(1):8-13. 10.11149/jkaoh.2019.43.1.8.

The association of subjective oral health awareness with dental caries, dental prostheses, periodontal status of Korean adults

  • 1Department of Biomedical Health Science, Graduate School, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea. yamako93@deu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea.


In order to aid the development of practical oral health improvement programs for adults, this study examined whether a correlation exists between oral health indices assessed by experts and self-perceived oral health status.
Raw data from the second year (2013-2015) of the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Among those surveyed, adults over the age of 19 were designated as research subjects.
The DT indices, prosthetics indices, and Community Periodontal indices were higher when the subjective oral health status was "Bad."
The results of this study demonstrated the consistency between subjective and objective oral health status. Thus, self-perceived oral health status is a reliable index to evaluate adult oral health projects for improving the quality of life of adults, improving their oral health, and evaluating future oral health services.


Adults; Community Periodontal Index; DT; Prosthetic; Subjective oral health

MeSH Terms

Dental Caries*
Dental Prosthesis*
Nutrition Surveys
Oral Health*
Periodontal Index
Quality of Life
Research Subjects


1. Kim YS, Jun BH. A study of comparative the mastication capability and life quality of elderly people using dentures or implants. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg. 2011; 11:629–636.
2. Kushnir D, Zusman SP, Robinson PG. Validation of a Hebrew version of the Oral Health Impact Profile 14. J Public Health Dent. 2004; 64:71–75.
3. Choi YR, Kim HJ, Choi EM, Lee YS. The convergence factors affecting on incremental oral health care experience in some local adults. J Korea Converg Soc. 2017; 8:131–138.
4. Kim MJ, Lim CY. Correlation of self-perceived oral health status and objective oral health status of adults. J Korea Acad Industr Coop Soc. 2017; 18:375–381.
5. Chang IJ, Jeong SH, Park YA, Lee HK, Song KB. Association between denture satisfaction and perceived oral health among the elderly with removable denture. J Korean Acad Dent Health. 2006; 30:360–369.
6. Song MS, Song HJ, Mog JY. Community based cross-sectional study on the related factors with perceived health status among the elderly. J Korea Gerontol Soc. 2003; 23:127–142.
7. Yu SH. The relationship between denture satisfaction and perceived oral health status. J Korean Acad Dent Technol. 2008; 30:135–147.
8. Lee JH, Kim JS, Jun MS, Yun HK. The relationship between objective oral health conditions and subjective oral health perception of the elderly in Gimcheon. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg. 2015; 15:417–424.
9. Jang MS, Kim HY, Shim YS, Rhyu IC, Han SB, Chung CP, et al. Association between the self-reported periodontal health status and oral health-related quality of life among elderly Koreans. J Korean Acad Periodontol. 2006; 36:591–600.
10. Lee MR, Han GS, Han SJ, Choi JS. Impact of subjectively reported oral health status on the quality of life among adults: applying the PRECEDE model. Korean J Health Educ Promot. 2011; 28:23–35.
11. Ostberg AL, Eriksson B, Lindblad U, Halling A. Epidemiological dental indices and self-perceived oral health in adolescents: ecological aspects. Acta Odontol Scand. 2003; 61:19–24.
12. Gift HC, Atchison KA, Drury TF. Perceptions of the natural dentition in the context of multiple variables. J Dent Res. 1998; 77:1529–1538.
13. Wilson IB, Cleary PD. Linking clinical variables with health-related quality of life: A conceptual model of patient outcomes. JAMA. 1995; 273:59–65.
14. Allen PF, McMillan AS, Walshaw D, Locker D. A comparison of the validity of generic-and disease-specific measures in the assessment of oral health-related quality of life. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1999; 27:344–352.
15. Atchison KA, Dolan TA. Development of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index. J Dent Educ. 1990; 54:680–687.
16. Lim CY. Association of oral health with the nutritional status and quality of life in the elderly [dissertation]. Iksan: Wonkwang University;2014. [Korean].
17. Cha JD, Jang KA. The factors of oral health impact profile of workers-industrial workers in Gyeong-nam province. J Korea Acad Ind Coop Soc. 2012; 13:4604–4611.
18. Shin SJ, Jung SH. A Korean version of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) in elderly populations: validity and reliability. J Korean Acad Oral Health. 2011; 35:187–195.
19. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Seoul: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;2008. p. 1–646.
20. Shin MS, Hwang MY, Kim SK. Relationship of oral health awareness to oral health indexes among adults. J Dent Hyg Sci. 2012; 12:607–616.
21. Kim YN, Kwon HK, Chung WG, Cho YS, Choi YH. The association of perceived oral health with oral epidemiological indicators in Korean adults. J Korean Acad Dent Health. 2005; 29:250–260.
22. The Ministry of Health and Welfare. Advanced analysis of Korean National Oral Health Survey. Sejong: The Ministry of Health and Welfare;2011. p. 1–444.
23. The Ministry of Health and Welfare. Policy planning for oral health promotion. Sejong: The Ministry of Health and Welfare;2000. p. 1–350.
24. Park MK. Multiple logistic regression analysis of elements related to dental caries based on common risk factor approach based on date of 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey [master's thesis]. Seoul: Chung-Ang University;2008. [Korean].
25. Kim JE. Association of self-perceived oral health with clinically examined oral health status [dissertation]. Busan: Pusan National University;2016. [Korean].
26. Lee JH, Kim BS. Relationship between the objective oral health status and the subjective oral health awareness of Korean adults. Asia Pac J Multimed Serv Converg Art Humanit Sociol. 2015; 5:119–130.
27. Kim SK. Association of dental caries with health lifestyle in adults. J Dent Hyg Sci. 2015; 15:333–339.
28. Hjern A, Grindefjord M, Sundberg H, Rośen M. Social inequality in oral health and use of dental care in Sweden. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2001; 29:167–174.
Full Text Links
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2024 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr