Anat Cell Biol.  2019 Mar;52(1):87-89. 10.5115/acb.2019.52.1.87.

Superficial course of the medial plantar nerve: case report

  • 1Department of Anatomy, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Department of Anatomy, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.


The medial and lateral plantar nerves are branched from the tibial nerve and move to the tip of the toes. A variation of medial plantar nerve was found on the left side of a 78-year-old Korean male cadaver. The tibial nerve was divided into the lateral and medial plantar nerves beneath the plantar flexor. The medial plantar nerve passed deep to plantar aponeurosis and superficial to the flexor digitorum brevis. It gave off a common plantar digital nerve and then divided into three proper plantar digital nerves near the metatarsal bases. In this article, we report a superficial course of the medial plantar nerve and describe its unique morphology and discuss the clinical significance of this variation.


Tibial nerve; Medial plantar nerve; Abductor hallucis muscle; Flexor digitorum brevis; Variation

MeSH Terms

Metatarsal Bones
Tibial Nerve*


  • Fig. 1 Photograph of variant course of the medial plantar nerve. (A) After cutting abductor hallucis muscle (AHM), the medial plantar nerve (arrows) continued superficial to flexor digitorum brevis (FDB). And its branches accompanied the branches of the medial plantar artery (arrowhead). (B) Superficial course of the branches of the medial plantar artery (arrows). FDL, flexor digitorum longus; FHL, flexor hallucis longus.

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Punnapa Raviteja, Mrudula Chandrupatla, Ramoju Harshitha, Marni Sameer Chowdary
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