J Korean Biol Nurs Sci.  2019 Feb;21(1):37-45. 10.7586/jkbns.2019.21.1.37.

Factors Influencing Hand Dermatitis in Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, Wonju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Gangneung Wonju National University, Wonju, Korea. kslee@gwnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This descriptive research was on hand dermatitis in clinical nurses. Nurses often have a high rate of hand dermatitis with several factors associated with the dermatitis. The factors analyzed in this study included; general characteristics, work-related factors, hand washing, and allergies relate to hand dermatitis.
METHODS
Data were collected from April to May 2016. The subjects were nurses who had worked 12 months or more in a University Hospital. They voluntarily gave their consent for the research. The Symptombased questionnaires were sent to 220 nurses and 199 responses were returned. Collected data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, χ2-test, and logistic regression analysis using SPSS 23.0.
RESULTS
Prevalence of dermatitis in nurses was 48.2%. Nurses who had worked for over three years were twice more likely to suffer hand dermatitis than nurses who had worked for 3 years or less (adjusted odds ratio [adj. OR]=1.97, p=.036). Nurses who used alcohol sponge swabs more than 20 times per shift were 2.5 times more likely to suffer hand dermatitis as compared to those who used them less times (adj. OR=2.51, p=.023).
CONCLUSION
Results revealed that about a half of the clinical nurses suffered from hand dermatitis, hence it is crucial to find appropriate interventions for dermatitis prevention. This concern needs to be addressed especially in nurses who have more work experience and use more alcohol sponge swabs.

Keyword

Dermatitis; Nurse; Factors influencing; Ethanol

MeSH Terms

Dermatitis*
Ethanol
Hand Disinfection
Hand*
Hypersensitivity
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Porifera
Prevalence
Ethanol
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