Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2018 Nov;27(4):235-246. 10.5807/kjohn.2018.27.4.235.

Health Belief Model-based Needs Assessment for Development of a Metabolic Syndrome Risk Reduction Program for Korean Male Blue-collar Workers in Small-sized Companies

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.
  • 2Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea. kdr2015@konyang.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study aimed to comprehend the real context of metabolic syndrome-related factors of Korean male blue-collar workers from small-sized companies based on the health belief model.
METHODS
A total of 37 workers from three companies were interviewed, and three series of focus group interviews were conducted. Data were analyzed using deductive content analysis.
RESULTS
Data were classified into four categories: knowledge, perceived susceptibility and severity, perceived barriers, and beliefs. Knowledge referred to low knowledge level; perceived susceptibility and severity referred to unawareness of susceptibility and severity; perceived barriers referred to shift work, overtime work, and a social context including having no choice but to drink; and beliefs referred to believing that health promotion behaviors do not relate to preventing metabolic syndrome, believing that one cannot prevent metabolic syndrome oneself, and believing that professional help is required.
CONCLUSION
To prevent and reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome among Korean male blue-collar workers, interventions should focus on strategies to increase metabolic syndrome-related knowledge and perceptions, social support, and self-efficacy for practicing health behaviors. In addition, it is necessary to develop policies for establishing a healthy drinking culture in companies.

Keyword

Workers; Metabolic syndrome; Qualitative research; Needs assessment; Health behavior

MeSH Terms

Drinking
Focus Groups
Health Behavior
Health Promotion
Humans
Male*
Needs Assessment*
Qualitative Research
Risk Reduction Behavior*
Social Perception
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