Korean J Med Mycol.  2018 Dec;23(4):105-110. 10.17966/JMI.2018.23.4.105.

Clinical Features of Otomycosis Co-occurring with Chronic Otitis Media and the Causative Fungi

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea. yhukim@cu.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Otomycosis is a fungal infection that comprises 7~10% of outer ear infections. Although the occurrence is higher in humid climates, relatively few studies have investigated otomycosis occurrences in humid environments. While recurrent chronic otitis media discharge in the ear creates a milieu in which otomycosis is likely to occur, investigations of otomycosis co-occurring with chronic otitis media have been rare.
OBJECTIVE
To examine the characteristics of patients with otomycosis co-occurring with chronic otitis media and identify causative fungi.
METHODS
The study included 60 patients with chronic otitis media who presented typical otomycosis findings in the outer ear canal and the presence of fungi. Patients were treated in the department of otolaryngology, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center, between July 2011 and June 2018.
RESULTS
The mean patient age was 57.77 years, and our study included 20 men and 40 women (p=0.010). The lesion was on the right in 39 patients and on the left in 21 (p=0.020). Ear discharge was the most common chief complaint at diagnosis. Of the 54 patients over age 19, 10 had diabetes (18.5%). Aspergillus was causative in 29 patients and Candida in 31. Aspergillus niger was identified in 15 patients, Aspergillus sp. in 14, Candida parapsilosis in 12, Candida sp. in six, and Candida albicans in five.
CONCLUSION
Otomycosis and chronic otitis media co-occurrences increase with age. The Aspergillus and Candida genera were similar in proportion. A. niger was the most common Aspergillus species, while C. parapsilosis was the most common Candida.

Keyword

Aspergillus; Candida; Fungi; Otitis media; Otomycosis

MeSH Terms

Academic Medical Centers
Aspergillus
Aspergillus niger
Candida
Candida albicans
Climate
Daegu
Diagnosis
Ear
Ear, External
Female
Fungi*
Humans
Male
Niger
Otitis Media*
Otitis*
Otolaryngology
Otomycosis*
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