Korean J Blood Transfus.  2018 Dec;29(3):253-261. 10.17945/kjbt.2018.29.3.253.

Analysis of Massive Transfusion Blood Product Use in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea. limyoung@ajou.ac.kr
  • 2Center of Trauma Surgery, Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, Korea.
  • 3Department of Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
A massive blood transfusion (MT) requires significant efforts by the Blood Bank. This study examined blood product use in MT and emergency O Rh Positive red cells (O RBCs) available directly for emergency patients from the Trauma Center in Ajou University Hospital.
METHODS
MT was defined as a transfusion of 10 or more RBCs within 24 hours. The extracted data for the total RBCs, fresh frozen plasma (FFP), platelets (PLTs, single donor platelets (SDP) and random platelet concentrates (PC)) issued from Blood Bank between March 2016 and November 2017 from Hospital Information System were reviewed. SDP was considered equivalent to 6 units of PC.
RESULTS
A total of 345 MTs, and 6233/53268 (11.7%) RBCs, 4717/19376 (24.3%) FFP, and 4473/94166 (4.8%) PLTs were used in MT (P < 0.001). For the RBC products in MT and non-MT transfusions, 28.0% and 34.1% were group A; 27.1% and 26.0% were group B; 37.3% and 29.7% were group O, and 7.5% and 10.2% were group AB (P < 0.001). The ratios of RBC:FFP:PLT use were 1:0.76:0.72 in MT and 1:0.31:1.91 in non-MT (P < 0.001). A total of 461 O RBCs were used in 36.2% (125/345) of MT cases and the number of O RBCs transfused per patient ranged from 1 to 18.
CONCLUSION
RBCs with the O blood group are most used for MT. Ongoing education of clinicians to minimize the overuse of emergency O RBCs in MT is required. A procedure to have thawed plasma readily available in MT appears to be of importance because FFP was used frequently in MT.

Keyword

Massive transfusion; ABO blood group; Emergency

MeSH Terms

Blood Banks
Blood Platelets
Blood Transfusion
Education
Emergencies
Hospital Information Systems
Humans
Plasma
Tertiary Healthcare*
Tissue Donors
Trauma Centers
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