Yeungnam Univ J Med.  2018 Dec;35(2):141-149. 10.12701/yujm.2018.35.2.141.

Functional recovery after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Urology, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. urokyh@naver.com

Abstract

With the enthusiasm regarding robotic application in radical prostatectomy in accordance with the widespread use of serum prostate-specific antigen as a screening test, the number of surgeries performed for complete removal of the gland is increasing continuously. However, owing to the adjacent anatomical location of the prostate to the nerve and urethral sphincter complex, functional recovery, namely improvement from post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) and post-prostatectomy erectile dysfunction, still remains a main problem for patients who are reluctant to undergo surgery and tend to choose alternative ways instead. Since the late 1980s, the introduction of radical prostatectomy by open surgical modalities, the depth of the anatomical understanding of the structure surrounding the prostate is getting tremendous, which leads to the development of new surgical modalities and techniques that are consequently aimed at reducing the incidences of PPI and erectile dysfunction. Briefly, recent data from robotic radical prostatectomy, particularly on PPI, are quite acceptable, but by contrast, the reported potency regain rate still remains < 20%, which indicates the need for advanced surgical modification to overcome it. In this review, the authors summarized the recent findings on the anatomy and surgical techniques reported up to now.

Keyword

Erectile dysfunction; Post-prostatectomy incontinence; Prostate cancer; Radical prostatectomy; Robotic surgery
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