Osong Public Health Res Perspect.  2018 Oct;9(5):240-247. 10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.05.

Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Success of Heavy Smokers Registered in the Intensive Care Smoking Cessation Camp (Data from the National Tobacco Control Center)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Preventive Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan, Korea. parky@sch.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeonsung University, Anyang, Korea.
  • 3Chungnam Tobacco Control Center, Cheonan, Korea.

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors involved in the success of smoking cessation in heavy smokers enrolled in an intensive care smoking cessation camp program.
METHODS
Heavy smokers enrolled in the program were classified into a success (n = 69) or failure (n = 29) group, according to whether they maintained smoking cessation for 6 months after the end of the program. Demographics, smoking behaviors, and smoking cessation-related characteristics were analyzed.
RESULTS
Statistically significantly more participants in the success group had a spouse (98.6%; p = 0.008) compared with participants in the failure group (82.8%). However, multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that having a spouse was not an independent factor in smoking cessation (p = 0.349). A significant difference in the frequency of counseling between the success and failure groups was observed (p = 0.001), with 72.5% of those who received counseling on 3-5 occasions for 6 months after the end of program successfully quit smoking, indicating that those who received more counseling had a higher likelihood of smoking cessation success. This was confirmed as an independent factor by multivariate logistic regression (p < 0.005). Furthermore, a graduate school level of education or higher, indicated a statistically greater success rate compared to those that were less well educated (p = 0.043). This was also observed as a significant independent factor using multivariate logistic regression (p = 0.046).
CONCLUSION
Education level, marital status, and the number of counseling sessions were significant factors contributing to smoking cessation success.

Keyword

counseling; habit; health; smoker; smoking prevention; smoking cessation

MeSH Terms

Counseling
Critical Care*
Demography
Education
Humans
Logistic Models
Marital Status
Smoke*
Smoking Cessation*
Smoking*
Spouses
Tobacco*
Smoke
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