J Korean Acad Nurs.  2017 Feb;47(1):39-48. 10.4040/jkan.2017.47.1.39.

Factors Influencing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Crime Scene Investigators

Affiliations
  • 1Gwangju Metropolitan Police Agency, Scientific Investigation Section, Gwangju, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Honam University, Gwangju, Korea. umberto@honam.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to verify the relationships among social support, resilience and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and especially to identify factors influencing PTSD in police crime scene investigators.
METHODS
A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 226 police crime scene investigators from 7 Metropolitan Police Agencies. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires during July and August, 2015. Data were analyzed using t-test, χ2-test, Fisher's exact test, and binary logistic regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
RESULTS
The mean score for PTSD in police crime scene investigators was 13.69. 11 points. Of the crime scene investigators 181 (80.1%) were in the low-risk group and 45 (19.9%) in high-risk group. Social support (t=5.68, p<.001) and resilience (t=5.47, p<.001) were higher in the low-risk group compared to the high-risk group. Logistic regression analysis showed that resilience (OR=4.74, 95% CI: 1.57~14.35), and social support (OR=2.13, 95% CI: 1.23~3.69) are effect factors for PTSD low group.
CONCLUSION
For effective improvement of PTSD in police crime scene investigators, intervention programs including social support and strategies to increase should be established.

Keyword

Forensic sciences; Post-traumatic stress disorders; Social support; Psychological resilience

MeSH Terms

Adult
Crime
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Forensic Sciences
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Police/*psychology
Resilience, Psychological
Self Report
Social Support
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/*psychology
Surveys and Questionnaires
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