J Korean Assoc Pediatr Surg.  2018 Jun;24(1):20-25. 10.13029/jkaps.2018.24.1.20.

Santulli Enterostomy: A Considerable Method for Patients Who Require Proximal Enterostomy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Severance Children's Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jtoh@yuhs.ac

Abstract

PURPOSE
Santulli enterostomy has been used for various surgical abdominal conditions that require temporary diversion of bowel during a neonatal period. The aim of this study was to report clinical outcomes of Santulli enterostomy and to evaluate its usefulness.
METHODS
Between January 2000 and December 2016, 40 neonates who underwent Santulli enterostomy were enrolled; Santulli enterostomies were performed for 25 patients without previous laparotomy (primary Santulli group) and 15 patients with previous laparotomy (secondary Santulli group).
RESULTS
Small bowel atresia is the first common indication of Santulli enterostomy (22/40, 55.0%), and luminal discrepancy between proximal and distal bowel was the most common determinant factor of Santulli enterostomy (17/40, 42.5%). The median age at surgery and mean birth weight were 2 days and 2,480 g respectively in the primary group, and 71 days, 2,340 g respectively in the secondary group. Operation time was significantly longer in the secondary group than the primary group (156±48 minutes vs. 224±95 minutes, p=0.019), and there was no difference in the time taken to initiation of oral feeding between the two groups. Santulli enterostomy closure was performed at median 65 days after Santulli enterostomy for primary group and 70 days for secondary group. Six complications (15.0%) were found after Santulli enterostomy, and nine complications (24.3%) after Santulli enterostomy closure (p=0.302). The incidence of complications was significantly higher in secondary group than in primary group (4.5% vs. 53.3%, p=0.001), and the reoperation rate was also significantly higher in the secondary group (4.5% vs. 46.7%, p=0.004).
CONCLUSION
Santulli enterostomy could be applied as a temporary enterostomy in neonatal patients with various surgical abdominal diseases. Considering the high complication rate after secondary Santulli enterostomy closure, decision making on the timing of enterostomy closure should be done with caution.

Keyword

Enterostomy; Neonate; Necrotizing enterocolitis; Intestinal atresia; Peritonitis

MeSH Terms

Birth Weight
Decision Making
Enterocolitis, Necrotizing
Enterostomy*
Humans
Incidence
Infant, Newborn
Intestinal Atresia
Laparotomy
Methods*
Peritonitis
Phenobarbital
Reoperation
Phenobarbital
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