J Educ Eval Health Prof.  2016;13:29. 10.3352/jeehp.2016.13.29.

Comparison of effect between group discussion and educational booklet on Iranian nursing students' attitude and practice toward patient privacy

  • 1Medical Surgical Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran. adibhajbagheri_m@kaums.ac.ir


This study aimed to compare the effects between group discussion and educational booklet on nursing students' attitude and practice toward patient privacy in Iran.
A two-group, pre-test and post-test design study was conducted in 2015. The study was conducted on 60 nursing students in Kashan, Iran who were randomly allocated into two groups to be trained on patient privacy either through group discussion or by an educational booklet. The students' attitude and practice were assessed before and after the education using a questionnaire and a checklist. Data analysis was performed through paired t-test, Wilcoxon signed ranks test, and independent samples t-tests.
Before the intervention, no significant differences were found between the group designated to group discussion and those designated to the educational booklet in the mean overall score of attitude (P=0.303) and practice (P=0.493) toward patient privacy. After the intervention, the mean attitude score significantly increased in the two groups (P=0.001). Moreover, the students' practice score was increased in the discussion group while it did not significantly change in the booklet group (P=0.001).
Both methods were effective on the students' attitude; however, the educational booklet did not affect their practice toward patient privacy. Group discussion can effectively improve the students' attitude and practice toward patient privacy.


Attitude; Iran; Privacy; Nursing students; Surveys and questionnaires

MeSH Terms

Statistics as Topic
Students, Nursing
Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Fig. 1. Consort flow diagram of the study.



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