Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2018 Jun;21(2):41-50. 10.14475/kjhpc.2018.21.2.41.

Models for Spiritual Care in Hospice and Palliative Care

  • 1Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea. kangka@syu.ac.kr


Spirituality is an essential part of human beings. Spiritual care, designed to meet the spiritual needs of terminally ill patients and their families, is one of the most important aspects of hospice and palliative care (HPC). This study reviewed and analyzed literature utilizing the most commonly used Korean and international healthcare databases to identify care models that adequately address the spiritual needs of terminally ill patients and their families in practice. The results of this study show that spirituality is an intrinsic part of humans, meaning that people are holistic beings. The literature has provided ten evidence-based theories that can be used as models in HPC. Three of the models focus on how the spiritual care outcomes of viewing spiritual health, quality of life, and coping, are important outcomes. The remaining seven models focus on implementation of spiritual care. The "whole-person care model" addresses the multidisciplinary collaboration within HPC. The "existential functioning model" emphasizes the existential needs of human beings. The "open pluralism view" considers the cultural diversity and other types of diversity of care recipients. The "spiritual-relational view" and "framework of systemic organization" models focus on the relationship between hospital palliative care teams and terminally ill patients. The "principal components model" and "actioning spirituality and spiritual care in education and training model" explain the overall dynamics of the spiritual care process. Based on these models, continuous clinical research efforts are needed to establish an optimal spiritual care model for HPC.


Spirituality; Hospice care; Evidence-based practice

MeSH Terms

Cooperative Behavior
Cultural Diversity
Delivery of Health Care
Evidence-Based Practice
Hospice Care
Palliative Care*
Quality of Life
Terminally Ill
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