Korean J Phys Anthropol.  2018 Mar;31(1):35-39. 10.11637/kjpa.2018.31.1.35.

Muscular Variations of Extensor Digitorum Brevis Muscle Related with Anterior Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Mortuary Science, Eulji University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Anatomy, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea. changoh@skku.edu

Abstract

During routine dissection, additional muscular head of extensor digitorum brevis muscle attaching to the third toe and accessory muscle perforated by the branch of the deep peroneal nerve were observed in the right foot of a 71-year-old male cadaver. The additional muscular head originated from the dorsal surface of cuboid bone, and ran parallel with the third tendon of the extensor digitorum brevis muscle. It was conjoined with the third tendon of extensor digitorum brevis at the middle of its course. The accessory muscle was a small muscle which was covered with the muscle belly of the extensor hallucis brevis muscle. It originated from the dorsal surface of the calcaneus, and inserted to the lateral one-third of transverse retinacular band. These two variants were innervated by the branches of deep peroneal nerve. The branches of deep peroneal nerve were compressed under the tendon of extensor hallucis brevis and around the site where the nerve branch perforated the small muscle. The clinical significances of these variations and tendon of extensor hallucis brevis muscle were discussed.

Keyword

Anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome; Deep peroneal nerve; Extensor digitorum brevis; Extensor hallucis brevis; Entrapment syndrome

MeSH Terms

Aged
Cadaver
Calcaneus
Foot
Head
Humans
Male
Peroneal Nerve
Tarsal Bones
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome*
Tendons
Toes
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