J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2018 Mar;24(2):118-129. 10.11111/jkana.2018.24.2.118.

Effects of Group Art and Music Therapy in Newly Hired Nurses: A Mixed Method Study

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate School, Ewha Womans Uiversity · Nursing Department, Myongji Hospital, Korea.
  • 2Graduate School, Ewha Womans Uiversity, Korea.
  • 3Nursing Department, Myongji Hospital, Korea.
  • 4College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Korea. mykim0808@ewha.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to evaluate the effects of group art and music therapy on decreasing job stress and increasing resilience of newly hired nurses.
METHODS
A mixed method design was used. Quantitative data (N=35) were collected through questionnaires from November 2 to December, 5, 2016 and were analyzed using a one-tailed paired t-test by SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. Qualitative data (N=18) were collected through group and individual interviews from November 10, 2016 to February 3, 2017 and were analyzed using a qualitative thematic analysis.
RESULTS
The first hypothesis "participants will have lower job stress after the art and music therapy" was not statistically supported (t=−1.12, p=.270). The second hypothesis, "participants will have higher resilience after the art and music therapy" was supported (t=−2.13, p=.041). Four main themes were derived from the interviews: "˜looking into myself', "˜feeling a camaraderie', "˜healing of my mind and body', "˜change in the intimidated self,'
CONCLUSION
The findings indicate that art and music therapy for newly hired nurses may positively influence resilience. Hospital organizations should utilize the therapy for newly hired nurses to improve their resilience so that they can realize their own values and increase positive emotion despite job stress.

Keyword

Job stress; Resilience; Art therapy; Music therapy; Newly hired nurses

MeSH Terms

Art Therapy
Methods*
Music Therapy*
Music*
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