J Korean Med Assoc.  2018 Mar;61(3):163-172. 10.5124/jkma.2018.61.3.163.

Smoking cessation services to which physicians can refer patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Cancer Control and Population Health, Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.
  • 2Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.
  • 3Department of Family Medicine & Supportive Care Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4School of Nursing, Shinhan University, Uijeongbu, Korea. september7777@hanmail.net

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to introduce smoking cessation services in the community to which physicians can refer their patients. There are three types of services: smoking cessation clinics at public health centers, regional smoking cessation centers, and quitlines. Smoking cessation clinics were established in 2005 at public health centers to reduce the smoking rate. Tailored counseling, nicotine replacement therapy, and drug treatment can improve the success rate of smoking cessation in clinical settings, and behavioral therapy can promote smoking cessation in the community. Quitlines have been launched and operated throughout the world as effective cessation services that guarantee confidentiality, accessibility, convenience, and cost-effectiveness. Tailored information and intervention programs for smoking prevention and smoking cessation have been offered through the telephone, multimedia messaging services, social networking services, and chatting in Korea. Referrals from other national cessation programs for maintaining cessation are also available. Since 2015, regional smoking cessation centers have administered two types of camps. The target group of intensive-care smoking cessation camps includes heavy smokers, who should receive inpatient care at the regional smoking cessation center for 5 days. The general support smoking cessation camps target smokers who wish to quit or who have unsuccessfully quit, and provide education and consulting programs over 1 to 2 days. These three types of services provide different services and programs to smokers in the community. If physicians refer to their patients to these services, they may prove to be excellent resources for increasing smoking cessation.

Keyword

Smoking; Smoking cessation; Smoking cessation services; Primary care

MeSH Terms

Confidentiality
Counseling
Education
Humans
Inpatients
Korea
Multimedia
Nicotine
Primary Health Care
Public Health
Referral and Consultation
Smoke*
Smoking Cessation*
Smoking*
Social Work
Telephone
Nicotine
Smoke
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