Korean J Orthod.  1995 Oct;25(5):577-585.

A study on maxillary basal bone morphology in skeletal Class III malocclusion requiring orthognathic surgery

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Korea.

Abstract

This study has been performed to determine whether significant differences in the maxillary basal bone pattern exist between skeletal Class ill malocclusion and normal occlusion. Mterials for the skeletal Class ill sample consisted of lateral cephalometric roentgenograms and maxillary cast models of 29 adult individuals, 15 males and 14 females. The average age was 19.75 years with a range from 16.4 to 29.1 years. A normal control sample consisted of lateral cephalometric roentgenograms and maxillary cast models of 24 adult individuals, 13 males and 11 females. The average age was 24.25 years with a range from 20.8 to 29.4 years. The results of this study can be summarized and concluded as like follows. 1. In comparing sexual difference of maxillary basal bone morphology in skeletal Class III malocclusion, the following parameters of males were found to be significally larger than those of females : inter first premolar width, inter molar width, oblique canine height, oblique molar height and maxillary basal bone perimeter. 2. In comparing sexual difference of maxillary basal bone morphology in normal occlusion, the following parameters of males were found to be significally larger than those of females : inter canine width, inter first and second premolar width, inter molar width, oblique canine height and oblique molar height. 3. In comparing maxillary basal bone morphologic difference between skeletal Class III malocclusion and normal occlusion in males, the following parameters were found to be significally larger in normal occlusion : inter canine width, inter canine height, inter molar height, oblique canine height and oblique molar height. 4. In comparing maxillary basal bone morphologic difference between skeletal Class III malocclusion and normal occlusion in females, the following parameters were found to be significally larger in normal occlusion : inter canine height, inter molar height, oblique canine height, oblique molar height and maxillary basal bone perimeter.

Keyword

skeletal Class III malocclusion; maxillary basal bone morphology

MeSH Terms

Adult
Bicuspid
Female
Humans
Male
Malocclusion*
Molar
Orthognathic Surgery*
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