Ann Surg Treat Res.  2017 Aug;93(2):82-87. 10.4174/astr.2017.93.2.82.

Comparative analysis of the same technique-the same surgeon approach in the surgical treatment of pilonidal sinus disease: a retrospective cohort study

  • 1Department of General Surgery, Okmeydani Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • 2Department of General Surgery, Bezmialem Vakıf University, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • 3General Surgery Clinic, Buyukcekmece State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.


Although there are several surgical methods for treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus, there is no widespread consensus. In this study, we aimed to compare primary closure, Limberg, and modified Limberg flap techniques, with each performed by each of 3 surgeons.
A total of 802 patients who were operated on for pilonidal sinus disease were included in this retrospective cohort study. Patients were evaluated in 3 groups: group 1 (limited excision + primary closure), group 2 (large excision + Limberg flap technique), and group 3 (large excision + modified Limberg technique). Development of early or late period complications was accepted as primary outcome.
Mean patient age was 28.1 ± 6.7 years. Operation time in group 1 was 44.0 ± 14.5 minutes, and was shorter in comparison to other 2 groups (P < 0.001). One or more complications developed in 171 patients (21.3%) within study group. Highest complication rate was in group 1, with a rate of 30.7% (P < 0.001). Rate of wound dehiscence and recurrence in group 1 were differed significantly from other groups (P < 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively).
Based on the same technique-the same surgeon approach, comparison of surgical methods for treatment of pilonidal sinus showed that modified Limberg and Limberg techniques are superior to primary closure technique in terms of general complication, wound dehiscence, and recurrence rates.


Pilonidal sinus; Surgery; Surgical flap; Postoperative complication

MeSH Terms

Cohort Studies*
Pilonidal Sinus*
Postoperative Complications
Retrospective Studies*
Surgical Flaps
Wounds and Injuries

Cited by  1 articles

Inverse ‘D’ incision technique in treatment of pilonidal sinus disease; excision with minimal tissue loss, closure without tension and lateral location of the suture line
Sami Dogan, Fuat Cetin, Emin Gurleyik
Ann Surg Treat Res. 2019;97(5):261-265.    doi: 10.4174/astr.2019.97.5.261.


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