Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2015 Oct;37(10):33. 10.1186/s40902-015-0033-1.

Positional symmetry of porion and external auditory meatus in facial asymmetry

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu 120-752 Seoul, Korea. sanghwy@yuhs.ac

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The porion (Po) is used to construct the Frankfort horizontal (FH) plane for cephalometrics, and the external auditory meatus (EAM) is to transfer and mount the dental model with facebow. The classical assumption is that EAM represents Po by the parallel positioning. However, we are sometimes questioning about the possible positional disparity between Po and EAM, when the occlusal cant or facial midline is different from our clinical understandings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the positional parallelism of Po and EAM in facial asymmetries, and also to investigate their relationship with the maxillary occlusal cant.
METHODS
The 67 subjects were classified into three groups. Group I had normal subjects with facial symmetry (1.05 +/- 0.52 mm of average chin deviation) with minimal occlusal cant (<1.5 mm). Asymmetry group II-A had no maxillary occlusal cant (average 0.60 +/- 0.36), while asymmetry group II-B had occlusal cant (average 3.72 +/- 1.47). The distances of bilateral Po, EAM, and mesiobuccal cusp tips of the maxillary first molars (Mx) from the horizontal orbital plane (Orb) and the coronal plane were measured on the three-dimensional computed tomographic images. Their right and left side distance discrepancies were calculated and statistically compared.
RESULTS
EAM was located 10.3 mm below and 2.3 mm anterior to Po in group I. The vertical distances from Po to EAM of both sides were significantly different in group II-B (p = 0.001), while other groups were not. Interside discrepancy of the vertical distances from EAM to Mx in group II-B also showed the significant differences, as compared with those from Po to Mx and from Orb to Mx.
CONCLUSIONS
The subjects with facial asymmetry and prominent maxillary occlusal cant tend to have the symmetric position of Po but asymmetric EAM. Some caution or other measures will be helpful for them to be used during the clinical procedures.

Keyword

Keywords; Porion; External auditory meatus; Maxilla; Canting; Facial asymmetry

MeSH Terms

Chin
Dental Models
Facial Asymmetry*
Maxilla
Molar
Orbit
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