Asian Nurs Res.  2016 Sep;10(3):213-220. 10.1016/j.anr.2016.04.004.

A Predictive Model of Domestic Violence in Multicultural Families Focusing on Perpetrator

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Kyungdong University, Wonju, South Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Kangwon National University at Chuncheon College of Medicine, Chuncheon, South Korea. hjhyun@kangwon.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to assess predictor variables of husbands in multicultural families and examine the relationship among variables after setting up a hypothetical model including influencing factors, so as to provide a framework necessary for developing nursing interventions of domestic violence.
METHODS
The participants were 260 husbands in multicultural families in four cities in Korea. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 20.0.
RESULTS
Self-control, social support, family of origin violence experience and stress on cultural adaptation directly affected to dysfunctional communication, and the explanatory power of the variables was 64.7%. Family of origin violence experience in domestic stress on cultural adaptation, and dysfunctional communication were directly related to domestic violence in multicultural families, and the explanatory power of the variables was 64.6%. We found out that all variables in the model had mediation effects to domestic violence through dysfunctional communication. In other words, self-control and social support had complete mediation effects, and family of origin violence experience in domestic violence and stress on cultural adaptation had partial mediation effects.
CONCLUSIONS
The variables explained in this study should be considered as predictive factors of domestic violence in multicultural families, and used to provide preventive nursing intervention. Our resutls can be taken into account for developing and implementing programs on alleviating dysfunctional communication in multicultural families in Korea.

Keyword

cultural diversity; family violence; communication

MeSH Terms

Acculturation
Communication
Cross-Sectional Studies
*Cultural Diversity
Domestic Violence/ethnology/*statistics & numerical data
Emigrants and Immigrants/psychology/statistics & numerical data
Female
Humans
Male
Models, Psychological
Republic of Korea/epidemiology
Self-Control/psychology
Social Support
Spouses/ethnology/psychology/statistics & numerical data
Stress, Psychological/ethnology/etiology
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