Asian Nurs Res.  2016 Jun;10(2):136-142. 10.1016/j.anr.2015.02.002.

Differences in Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome by Breastfeeding Experience of Women in Their 30s and 40s

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. hees@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to assess the differences in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in women in their 30s and 40s by breastfeeding experience, using the the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010) data.
METHODS
In this cross-sectional study, a total of 1,053 healthy women in their 30s and 40s, who had given birth was analyzed. To compare women with and without breastfeeding experience, chi-square test and t test were used. The relationship between metabolic syndrome and breastfeeding was assessed using logistic regression analysis adjusted demographic and lifestyle covariates.
RESULTS
The breastfeeding experience ofwomen in their 30swas associated with a decreased risk of elevated triglyceride after controlling for income, education, exercise andthe last childbirthage [odds ratio (OR)=0.44, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.21, 0.95)]. In addition, women who breastfed more children had high odds of metabolic syndrome [OR = 4.03, 95%CI (2.03, 8.00)], and components of metabolic syndrome [abdominal obesity: OR = 2.02, 95%CI (1.17, 3.51), elevated triglyceride: OR = 1.98, 95%CI (1.14, 3.45), elevated blood pressure: OR = 2.65, 95%CI (1.28, 5.49)] than those who never breastfed children.
CONCLUSIONS
This study found that postpartum breastfeeding may play a significant role in reducing the risk of metabolic syndrome and also that childbearing is associated with a higher incidence of metabolic syndrome among women in their 30s. For women in their 40s, the risk of metabolic syndrome did not significantly differ depending on the breastfeeding experience. This study indicated that breastfeeding can be a way to reduce metabolic health burdens in women in their 30s.

Keyword

breastfeeding; metabolic syndrome; women

MeSH Terms

Adult
Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology
Breast Feeding/*statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise/physiology
Female
Gravidity
Humans
Life Style
Metabolic Syndrome X/*epidemiology
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Republic of Korea/epidemiology
Risk Factors
Risk Reduction Behavior
Social Class
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