Hip Pelvis.  2016 Dec;28(4):217-224. 10.5371/hp.2016.28.4.217.

Fucntional and Radiological Outcome of Surgical Management of Acetabular Fractures in Tertiary Care Hospital

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. drfaizi1@yahoo.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
Acetabular fractures are mainly caused by trauma and the incidence is rising in developing countries. Initially these fractures were managed conservatively, due to lack of specialized and dedicated acetabulum surgery centres. Our aim is to study the radiological and functional outcomes of surgical management of acetabular fractures in tertiary care hospital.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Total 50 patients were enrolled. The patients with acetabular fractures were enrolled between the years 2012 to 2014. Patients were evaluated clinically with Harris hip score (HHS) and radiologically with Matta outcome grading. The factors examined include age, gender, fracture pattern, time between injury and surgery, initial displacement and quality of reduction on the final outcome.
RESULTS
There were 34 males and 16 females. Mean age was 44.20±11.65 years while mean duration of stay was 9.28±2.36 days. Duration of follow-up was 24 months. Most common mechanism of injury was motor vehicle accident (n=37, 74.0%). Open reduction and internal fixation of fractures were performed using reconstruction plates. Mean HHS at 24 months was 82.36±8.55. The clinical outcome was acceptable (excellent or good) in 35 (70.0%) cases and not acceptable (fair or poor) in 15 (30.0%) cases. The radiological outcome was anatomical in 39 (78.0%) cases, congruent in 5 (10.0%) cases, incongruent in 6 (12.0%) cases.
CONCLUSION
Study results indicated that mechanism of injury, time between injury and surgery, initial degree of displacement and quality of reduction had significant effect on functional as well as radiological outcome.

Keyword

Acetabular fractures; Trauma; Harris hip score; Matta radiological grading

MeSH Terms

Acetabulum*
Developing Countries
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Hip
Humans
Incidence
Male
Motor Vehicles
Tertiary Healthcare*
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