J Korean Acad Nurs.  2015 Dec;45(6):928-938. 10.4040/jkan.2015.45.6.928.

Effects of Neurofeekback Training on EEG, Continuous Performance Task (CPT), and ADHD Symptoms in ADHD-prone College Students

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychology, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. jrson@jbnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study explored the effects of neurofeedback training on Electroencephalogram (EEG), Continuous Performance Task (CPT) and ADHD symptoms in ADHD prone college students.
METHODS
Two hundred forty seven college students completed Korean Version of Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS-K) and Korean Version of Beck Depression Inventory (K-BDI). The 16 participants who ranked in the top 25% of CAARS-K score and had 16 less of K-BDI score participated in this study. Among them, 8 participants who are fit for the research schedule were assigned to neurofeedback training group and 8 not fit for the research schedule to the control group. All participants completed Adult Attention Deficiency Questionnaire, CPT and EEG measurement at pretest. The neurofeedback group received 15 neurofeedback training sessions (5 weeks, 3 sessions per week). The control group did not receive any treatment. Four weeks after completion of the program, all participants completed CAARS-K, Adult Attention Deficiency Questionnaire, CPT and EEG measurement for post-test.
RESULTS
The neurofeedback group showed more significant improvement in EEG, CPT performance and ADHD symptoms than the control group. The improvements were maintained at follow up.
CONCLUSION
Neurofeedback training adjusted abnormal EEG and was effective in improving objective and subjective ADHD symptoms in ADHD prone college students.

Keyword

Neurofeedback; Adult ADHD; Continuous Performance Task (CPT); EEG

MeSH Terms

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/psychology/*therapy
Electroencephalography
Emotions
Female
Humans
Impulsive Behavior
Male
*Neurofeedback
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Republic of Korea
Self Concept
Students/psychology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Task Performance and Analysis
Young Adult
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