J Agric Med Community Health.  2016 Sep;41(3):140-151. 10.5393/JAMCH.2016.41.3.140.

Comparison of Health Behavior Change Before and After the Percutaneous Coronary Intervention among Coronary Artery Disease Patients

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Health Graduate School of Environment & Public Health Studies Yeungnam University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine & Public Health, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Korea. drkslee@ynu.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to investigate health behaviors of patients before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
METHODS
The subjects of this study were 120 men and women whose age ranged from 40 years to 69 years among the patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention in Y university hospital that was located in Daegu city and who had diagnosed for 3 months or more and less than 2 years. Structured questionnaire was used to conduct self-administered survey from May 15 to October 12 in 2012.
RESULTS
Patients's health behavior score was ranged from 46 to 94 points after the PCI intervention. The score was 65.42±12.99 points before and significantly increased up to 72.53±10.18 points after the PCI intervention (p<.001). According to subcategory of health behavior, significant differences were found in scores of health responsibility (increased interest in health, watching of lecture on health and behavior to be punctual on counseling or medical treatment), diet, smoking, and drinking (p<.001, p=.039, p=<.001). However, no significant change was found in practice efforts such as exercise, eating habits and relaxation for stress management.
CONCLUSIONS
In conclusion, it is necessary to provide education and counseling that enabling patients to improve smoking, drinking, practicing exercise and healthy eating habits.

Keyword

Health behavior; Patients; PCI

MeSH Terms

Coronary Artery Disease*
Coronary Vessels*
Counseling
Daegu
Diet
Drinking
Eating
Education
Female
Health Behavior*
Humans
Male
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention*
Relaxation
Smoke
Smoking
Smoke
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