J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc.  2002 Jan;41(1):123-137.

Development of a Korean Version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (K-CIDI)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Psychiatry, Gachon Medical School, Incheon, Korea.
  • 3Korean Institute for Health and Social Affair, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Asan Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Ulsan University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, Korea.
  • 6Chook-Ryung Mental Hospital, Namyangju, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to develop a Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview(K-CIDI).
METHODS
The Composite International Diagnostic Interview(CIDI) is a comprehensive, fully standardized interview that can be used to assess psychiatric disorders and provide diagnoses. The K-CIDI was developed according to the guidelines provided by the WHO. The reliability and validity of the K-CIDI was evaluated by examining 135 psychiatric patients and five community residents. Subjects were jointly interviewed twice with a one-week interval. A psychiatric resident and clinical psychologist jointly determined clinical diagnoses using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV.
RESULTS
Notable modifications were done in sex-related expression, health system and help-seeking behavior, subjects for phobic disorder, and kinds of alcohol and substance. Long and complex questions were divided into two or more questions. Field test and back-translation of the K-CIDI confirmed the appropriateness of the translation of the CIDI. The inter-rater reliability, test/retest reliability, and validity of the K-CIDI indicated kappa values ranging from 0.86-1.00, 0.42-0.89, and 0.50-1.00, respectively.
CONCLUSION
The K-CIDI was deemed to be appropriate for the sociocultural background of Koreans. The reliability and validity of the K-CIDI were judged to be exceptionally acceptable.

Keyword

Diagnostic interview; Reliability; Validity; Epidemiology; Psychiatric disorder
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