J Korean Geriatr Soc.  2013 Mar;17(1):18-27.

Development and Validity and Reliability of Korean Comprehensive Assessment Tools for Geriatric Ambulatory Care

  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. belong@snu.ac.kr
  • 2Functional Assessment Committee for the Elderly, Korean Geriatric Society, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
  • 4Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 5Korea Institute of Health and Social Affairs, Seoul, Korea.
  • 6Department of Family Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.
  • 7Department of Family Medicine, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 8Department of Family Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
  • 9Department of Family Medicine, Incheon Eunhye Hospital, Incheon, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to develop and to evaluate the applicability of the Korean comprehensive geriatric assessment tools through reliability and validity testing.
We developed standard and short-form assessment tools comprised of questionnaires on medical, functional, mental, socioeconomic status and lifestyle information and functional tests. The tools were administered as test-retest on 111 elderly outpatients at four university hospitals and two welfare centers in Seoul. Weighted kappa value, kappa value, Pearson's correlation coefficients and overall percent agreement were calculated to evaluate reliability. Validity coefficient was estimated by using the reliability coefficient.
Reliability and validity coefficients were higher than 0.50 (fair or good) for 29 of 36 items. For test-retest reliability, the median was 0.66 (range, 0.29 to 1.00) for the kappa value and 0.83 (range, 0.53 to 1.00) for the Pearson's correlation coefficients. Compared to the standard form, the short-form assessment questionnaires showed to be reliable and valid.
The Korean Comprehensive Assessment Tools, both the standard form and the short form, were shown to be a reliable and valid screening medium for assessing the health status of the elderly in the ambulatory care setting. These instruments can be used conveniently for comprehensive outpatient geriatric assessment.


Geriatric assessment; Outpatient clinics; Questionnaires; Reliability; Validity

MeSH Terms

Ambulatory Care
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Geriatric Assessment
Hospitals, University
Life Style
Mass Screening
Surveys and Questionnaires
Reproducibility of Results
Social Class
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