J Korean Fract Soc.  1999 Oct;12(4):802-811.

The Results of Surgical Treatment of Intertrochanteric Fractures in the Elderly Patients Aged over 65 years : Comparative Study between Compression Hip Screw and Ender Nail Fixationt

  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Dongrae Bongsaeng Hospital, Pusan, Korea.


: To analyse the comparative results of surgical treatment with compressive hip screw or Ender nail for intertrochanteric fracture in aged over 65 years. MATERIALS & METHODS : From June 1990 to December 1997, 39 of 55 patients who were operated with compression hip screw or Ender nailing and followed up for more than 1 year. A retrospective survey was completed for 39 intertrochanteric fractures which were operated with compressive hip screw(22 patients, Group 1) or Ender nail(17 patients, Group 2). There was an average follow up of 48 months, with a range of 12 to 84 months. Radiographic measurements were performed in aspects of osteoporosis and fracture classification. Clinical evaluation of follow up was measured as Clawsons evaluation according to the fracture claffification and types of fixation. 23 of 39 cases(59%) were unstable and 26 of 39 cases(66.6%) showed below grade III in osteoporosis. Age, cause of fracture, fracture classification, accompanying diseases and Singhs index were identical to both group.
The mean radiologic bone union period was 16.4 weeks. The rate of complication was 7 cases(31.8%) in group I and 8 cases(47.0%) in group II. The rate of mortality was 3 cases(13.6%) in group I and 3 cases(17.6%) in group II. Satisfactory rate was 20 of 22cases(90.9%) in group I and 14 of 17 cases(82.3%) in group II.
: We suppose that compressive hip screw fixation for the elderly over 65 years who had intertrochanteric fracture and medical problem, produced good results as comparing to Ender nail fixation. The clinical satisfactory rate were superior in the compressive hip screw group comparing to Ender nail group. Cement fixation for eldly could help to fixate more in compression hip screw.


Femur; Intertertrochanteric fracture; Compressive hip screw; Ender nail

MeSH Terms

Follow-Up Studies
Hip Fractures*
Retrospective Studies
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