J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2010 Mar;19(1):1-10. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2010.19.1.1.

Depression, Self-esteem, and Quality of Life in a Community Population

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Semyung University, Korea. symin2@semyung.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between depression, self-esteem and quality of life in a community population.
METHODS
The subjects were given questionnaires which included general characteristics, measures of depression, self-esteem, and quality of life. Data were analyzed by the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program.
RESULTS
The mean score of depression was 81.47 (range 40~150). Gender, age, education, marital status, subjective economic status, subjective health status and disease were significantly associated with depression. The mean score of self-esteem was 30.42 (range 16~39). Education, marital status, subjective economic status, subjective health status and disease were significantly associated with self-esteem. The mean score of quality of life was 156.29 (range 81~229). Age, education, marital status, subjective economic status, subjective health status and disease were significantly associated with quality of life. 28.9% of the subjects had experiences with depression symptoms. There were significant correlations among depression, self-esteem and quality of life.
CONCLUSION
Findings indicate a need for a nursing intervention to decrease levels of depression in the depression group. In addition, it is necessary to develop a mental health promotion program in order to enhance self-esteem and quality of life in a community population.

Keyword

Depression; Self-esteem; Quality of life; Population
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