J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2012 Dec;18(4):383-393.

Occupational Stress and Coping Styles as Factors Affecting the Burnout of Clinical Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Hansei University, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, University of Ulsan, Korea. seunglee@ulsan.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of occupational stress and coping styles on burnout of clinical nurses.
METHODS
The participants in this study were 397 nurses, working at the hospitals in Seoul, Gangwon, and Gyongbuk provinces. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from November, 2009 to January, 2010. The SPSS WIN 13.0 version program was used for data analysis.
RESULTS
The most significant predictors of burnout were positive reappraisal and work load. Work load, resource inadequacy, role ambiguity, and indifference coping style positively correlated with burnout. Positive reappraisal and problem-focused coping styles negatively correlated with burnout.
CONCLUSION
The study results indicate that it is important to reduce work load, resource inadequacy, and role ambiguity in nurses and to strengthen their positive reappraisal and problem-focused coping styles to prevent burnout. This could be achieved with job redesign, modification of shift work systems, and by offering burnout prevention program.

Keyword

Occupational stress; Coping; Burnout; Nurse

MeSH Terms

Surveys and Questionnaires
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