Perspect Nurs Sci.  2016 Apr;13(1):10-16. 10.16952/pns.2016.13.1.10.

Differences in Drinking Scores according to Stress and Depression in Unmarried Women

  • 1College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.


This study aimed to investigate differences in drinking scores according to stress and depression.
A secondary analysis of the 5th and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys was conducted. Complex sampling design data analysis was performed in order to identify differences in Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) scores according to stress and depression among 1,732 unmarried women.
The average AUDIT score was 6.14 in unmarried women. There were significant differences in AUDIT scores in terms of stress and depression.
Practical programs that can prevent alcohol drinking for unmarried women are suggested. Programs for alcohol-related problems should include stress and depression management.


Unmarried women; Stress; Depression; Drinking

MeSH Terms

Alcohol Drinking
Single Person*
Statistics as Topic


1.Statistics Korea. Drinking and smoking [Internet]. Daejeon: Statistics Korea;2014. [cited 2016 Jan 2]. Available from:.
2.Seoul Statistics. Problem drinking [Internet]. Seoul: Seoul Statistics;2013. [cited 2016 Jan 2]. Available from:.
3.Chung SK. Factor influencing problem drinking of women college students. Ment Health Soc Work. 2007. 27:176–98.
4.Yang SH., Han KS. Drinking pattern, problem related drinking, perceived stress, ways of coping, and symptoms of stress of the female university students. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2003. 33(7):1057–64.
5.National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Women and alcohol [Internet]. Bethesda/Rockville: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism;2015. [cited 2015 Dec 26]. Available from:.
6.Jo HT. Cognitive degree of drinking evil of the department of nursing science students in urban areas. J Korean Soc Sch Community Health Educ. 2015. 16(2):59–67. [Internet]. Bethesda/Rockville: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism;2003. [cited 2015 Dec 26]. Available from:.
8.May PA., Keaster C., Bozeman R., Goodover J., Blankenship J., Kalberg WO, et al. Prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome and partial fetal alcohol syndrome in a Rocky Mountain Region City. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015. 155:118–27.
9.Joo HS., Kim CB., Nam EW., Lee MY., Park MB. Comparison of health-related behaviors in pregnant women and breast-feeding mothers vs non-pregnant women. Korean J women Health Nurs. 2014. 20(3):185–94.
10.Lewis BA., O'Neill HK. Alcohol expectancies and social deficits relating to problem drinking among college students. Addict Behav. 2000. 25(2):295–9.
11.Conger JJ. Alcoholism: theory, problem and challenge. II. Reinforcement theory and the dynamics of alcoholism. Q J Stud Alcohol. 1956. 17(2):296–305.
12.Nam CY. The relations of stress, drinking trait, and problem behavior after drinking among the college students in Jeju. Study Correct Welf. 2008. 12:27–47.
13.Kim OS., Kim KH. Social support, depression, drinking and smoking in college and working females. J Korean Acad Soc Adult Nurs. 2001. 13(3):363–72.
14.Jung EJ., Ahn CY. Gender Influences on the job stress and stress coping strategies. Womens Stud. 2012. 82:137–62.
15.Yoo GS., Shin DW. Effects of stress coping styles on academic burnout and employment stress among undergraduate students. Korea J Counc. 2013. 14(6):3849–69.
16.Kessler RC., Price RH. Primary prevention of secondary disorders: a proposal and agenda. Am J Community Psychol. 1993. 21(5):607–33.
17.Lee KS., Koh CK., Kim JH., Son HM., Song MR., Yoo SJ, et al. Factors affecting depression of Korean female university students. J Muscle Joint Health. 2013. 20(2):112–21.
18.Kim JS., Oh MK., Park BK., Lee MK., Kim GJ. Screening criteria of alcoholism by alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) in Korea. Korean J Fam Med. 1999. 20(9):1152–9.
19.World Health Organization. Health topics, alcohol [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO);2014. [cited 2015 Dec 26]. Available from:.
20.Kim SH., Lee SM. Effect of obesity and psychological stress on oral health. J Dent Hyg Sci. 2015. 15(2):119–28.
21.Moon SH., Jo HH. Job seeking stress, stress coping styles and perimenstrual symptoms in female college students. J Korean Data Anal Soc. 2014. 16(4):2261–72.
22.Choi SH., Lee HY. Affecting factors in unemployment stress among college students-focused on physical symptoms, depression, anxiety and self-esteem. J Korea Contents Assoc. 2013. 13(12):808–16.
23.Kang JY. The influence of occupational stress and negative affect on somatization in female office workers: the mediation effectiveness of focusing manners [dissertation]. Seoul: Duk-sung Women's University;2013.
24.Lee HJ., Cho KS., Yoon JH., Park HS. Factors associated with self-reported depression, diagnosis, and treatment among Korean adults. Korean J Health Promot. 2014. 14(1):9–16.
25.Lee HJ., Han DH., Lee YS., Kee BS., Kwon HJ., Park DB. Anxiety, impulsiveness, and drinking problems in employed women. Anxiety Mood. 2011. 7(2):73–8.
26.Jang SO. How to prevent drinking problems among college females? Korean Soc Alcohol Sci Conf. 2006. 2006(1):89–105.
27.Kim EJ., Lim JY. A Correlational study of job stress, drinking and smoking of local government staffs. J East West Nurs Res. 2010. 16(1):61–9.
28.Hoe MS. Examining the association of poverty status transition with the causal relationship between drinking problem and depression. Korean J Soc Welf. 2013. 65(2):203–30.
29.Schuckit MA. Genetic and clinical implications of alcoholism and affective disorder. Am J Psychiatr. 1986. 143(2):140–7.
Full Text Links
  • PNS
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2024 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: