Nutr Res Pract.  2013 Jun;7(3):185-191.

Effect of dietary legumes on bone-specific gene expression in ovariectomized rats

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791, Korea. yongsoon@hanyang.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Korea.
  • 3Department of Nuclear Medicine, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-702, Korea.

Abstract

In previous studies, we found that the consumption of legumes decreased bone turnover in ovariectomized rats. The purpose of the present study is to determine whether the protective effects on bone mineral density (BMD) and the microarchitecture of a diet containing legumes are comparable. In addition, we aim to determine their protective actions in bones by studying bone specific gene expression. Forty-two Sprague-Dawley rats are being divided into six groups during the 12 week study: 1) rats that underwent sham operations (Sham), 2) ovariectomized rats fed an AIN-93M diet (OVX), 3) ovariectomized rats fed an AIN-93M diet with soybeans (OVX-S), 4) ovariectomized rats fed an AIN-93M diet with mung beans (OVX-M), 5) ovariectomized rats fed an AIN-93M diet with cowpeas (OVX-C), and 6) ovariectomized rats fed an AIN-93M diet with azuki beans (OVX-A). Consumption of legumes significantly increased BMD of the spine and femur and bone volume of the femur compared to the OVX. Serum calcium and phosphate ratio, osteocalcin, expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG), and the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) ratio increased significantly, while urinary excretion of calcium and deoxypyridinoline and expression of TNF-alpha and IL-6 were significantly reduced in OVX rats fed legumes, compared to OVX rats that were not fed legumes. This study demonstrates that consumption of legumes has a beneficial effect on bone through modulation of OPG and RANKL expression in ovariectomized rats and that legume consumption can help compensate for an estrogen-deficiency by preventing bone loss induced by ovarian hormone deficiency.

Keyword

Bone mass density; bone-specific gene expression; cytokines; legumes; ovariectomized rats

MeSH Terms

Amino Acids
Animals
Bone Density
Calcium
Cytokines
Diet
Fabaceae
Femur
Gene Expression
Interleukin-6
Osteocalcin
Osteoprotegerin
RANK Ligand
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Salicylamides
Soybeans
Spine
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Amino Acids
Calcium
Cytokines
Interleukin-6
Osteocalcin
Osteoprotegerin
RANK Ligand
Salicylamides
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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