Korean J Med Educ.  2013 Sep;25(3):201-209.

How medical students perform academically by admission types?

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Physiology, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Medical Education, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea. shua@konyang.ac.kr
  • 3Korean Educational Development Institute, Center for Local Educational Finance Research, Seoul, Korea. porommy@daum.net

Abstract

PURPOSE
Despite the importance of selecting students whom are capable for medical education and to become a good doctor, not enough studies have been done in the category. This study focused on analysing the medical students' academic performance (grade point average, GPA) differences, flunk and dropout rates by admission types.
METHODS
From 2004 to 2010, we gathered 369 Konyang University College of Medicine's students admission data and analyzed the differences between admission method and academic achievement, differences in failure and dropout rates. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), ordinary least square, and logistic regression were used.
RESULTS
The rolling students showed higher academic achievement from year 1 to 3 than regular students (p<0.01). Using admission type variable as control variable in multiple regression model similar results were shown. But unlike the results of ANOVA, GPA differences by admission types were shown not only in lower academic years but also in year 6 (p<0.01). From the regression analysis of flunk and dropout rate by admission types, regular admission type students showed higher drop out rate than the rolling ones which demonstrates admission types gives significant effect on flunk or dropout rates in medical students (p<0.01).
CONCLUSION
The rolling admissions type students tend to show lower flunk rate and dropout rates and perform better academically. This implies selecting students primarily by Korean College Scholastic Ability Test does not guarantee their academic success in medical education. Thus we suggest a more in-depth comprehensive method of selecting students that are appropriate to individual medical school's educational goal.

Keyword

Admission; Medical students; Academic performance; Flunk; Student dropouts
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